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Larry Mitchell's Story Acknowledgements: Without a doubt, this project would not exist had my friend and colleague, Dr. Steve Anderson, not conceived of "the idea. Since that american the project has undergone several transformations; however, I native always be indebted to Steve and I'm grateful for his participation. Writing, any writing, is narive my opinion a courageous undertaking. To be sure, I would lack such a virtue had not Ms.
Jeannie Seeley lake MT housewives personals not mentored me, edited much of my work, and encouraged me in developing an "ease" with the creative process. But more importantly, she evoked from within me the "courage" to write. Thank you, Jeannie. Guy course, none of this material would exist without the sacrifices, charity, and gifts of those individual American Indians nativr various tribes who offered their stories.
It is to these men and women, and the tribes they represent, that I want to pay homage and in this way honor their contributions to the United States and their own sovereign nations.
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I would be remiss if I did acknowledge the efforts and fine work of others at UALR, particularly, my gy. Monee L. Reed and Laura Tharp were two Independent Study students that conducted interviews of two Indians who provided narratives that appear in the collection. They were also involved in the formatting, editing, and organizing of the narratives along with Americam Hoahwah, Scott Hodnett, Aprille Nersessian-Robertson, Amanda Shea Hubanks, John Hubanks, Shawn Shaw, and Allison Redding, who also wrote several biographical introductions to specific narratives.
Also, I must mention my department's former Administrative Assistant, Ms. Prudence Martin, who transcribed much of Horny women in Lawrenceburg, KY work from their initial field notes into a readable form.
Prudence was quick with the keys of the keyboard, and "rescued" me from the painful process of administering a "hunt-n-peck" typing style that just about drove her insane. Thank you, Prudence, rescue me anytime. Thank you to Carolyn Thompson for her ificant work in encoding all these documents as well as lifting and optimizing tracks for the MP3s. Carolyn took Word documents and transformed them into web features.
She also researched the Text Encoding Initiative standards and brought the texts into compliance so that they are available world wide and through a variety of sources. Finally, I am grateful to a few whose acceptance of me and support of my efforts, helped make this a successful project; namely Drs. Daniel F.
Littlefield and James W. Parins, my friends and colleagues; and, of course, my wife Sonja and my son Ian, who have endeavored to persevere in all my treks. Overview: The following is a collection of narratives written or spoken by Native American veterans about the Vietnam War.
Currently, no such collection is available, a surprising absence in that Native Americans were perhaps the most widely represented group in the armed services during the time of the Vietnam War. According to the U. Census, 82, American Indians served in the military during the Vietnam era. Many, undoubtedly, found themselves in Vietnam.
Yet, no major study to date has identified Native American veterans as a distinct socioeconomic group in that war. In fact, only recently has any ificant attention been given to the social, economic, and cultural needs of Native Americans in general. It is time that Vietnam War era American Indian vets and their families be provided a forum for expressing their views and reflections on America's longest war.
Hence, the purpose of this collection giy to present in their own voices the experience of Native Amdrican during the Vietnam War era.
The Flaws in the Official Histories: As we turn again and again to assess the meaning of Vietnam and its role in recent history, we find that the official view of the war, the one that could provide the big picture, is a strikingly limited one. It is limited because the experience in the field was not consistent with the s put together at the headquarters planning level.
Often the figures were outright misstatements. Often, our leaders were telling us what they hoped was the case, what should have been, or what could have been. In short, the war that we were told was happening was often not the real war at all.
The Potential of Unofficial Histories: No wonder, then, that in the pursuit of the meaning of Vietnam, some researchers have gone the opposite direction from the official view. We now know that what individual soldiers saw, felt, and later reported has great value, despite the obvious limitations. As participants in any activity, we are radically limited in what we observe, and our later report is certain to be a kind of distortion.
But this kind of individualized distortion could hardly be more distorted than the official view. And we now accept the premise that a collection of individualized views when taken together could correct a Ladies looking sex Mechanicsburg Ohio 43044, could clarify a picture.
What has become a standard in the field of Vietnam research are the unofficial histories, often in the form of collections of narratives volumes such as Bloods, Grunts, A Piece of My Heart, Nam, and In the Combat Zone. In these collections, several groups have now had the opportunity to present their experiences in Vietnam: Blacks, nurses, pilots, Special Forces, and so on. Our knowledge of the Vietnam War is richer, wiser, more complete, and more accurate because of these s.
With them we are closer to understanding the events. In the effort of chronicle the record of the man, or woman, in the field, one group has been totally overlooked—the Native American. As a term, Indian Country conjures images of the unfamiliar terrain inhabited by blood thirsty, heathen savages of American western folklore. Reminiscent are the war-whooping raiders of the Great Plains tribes, circling the guy wagons and the charge of the U. Ironically, however, in Vietnam there were no Indian war parties, no attacks on covered wagons, and when the U.
Cavalry charged into battle, it had the enlisted support of Native Americans whose ancestors were the targets of former U. Gone were the old myths about the revival of a Pre-Columbia Native America. Gone, too, were the old myths about vanquished Indians being left to american on Federal Indian Reservations. A new portrait of Native Americans began to emerge Gl swm looking for Ithaca oral today the Vietnam era. This new American Indian was more independent, autonomous and possessed a greater awareness of his place in American history and modem society.
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And, for many, the Vietnam War presented this emergent Native American with new opportunities. After years of bearing the yoke of dependency, created in part by the misguided policies of a seemingly indifferent government, Native Americans began to arise as a more visible and active minority of the American population.
It was during this time, when Native Americans were facing the problems of adjusting to contemporary life, that the Vietnam War was increasing its momentum. For many Native Americans, the Vietnam War presented a way out of the cycle of poverty experienced on government reservations. For others, it was a way of demonstrating patriotic pride, and following the warrior's path through active military service.
Regardless of the reasons, approximately 82, Native Americans served in the military during the Vietnam War era. The voices of these Native Americans have scarcely been heard. At a time when the chronicles of the Vietnam War have captured the reflections, thoughts and sentiments of many other groups and individuals, the voices Native Americans have remained relatively silent. If they remain silent, if their stories go untold, we risk once again having an incomplete and distorted history.
We would be settling for a history with similar distortions to the histories that failed to for the voices of other Native Americans who were instrumental in the cultural, political, and social development of the land we call America. He fought in the Tet Offensive of before he had spent more than two weeks in service in Vietnam. Upon his return to the United States, he visited his parents before finishing his thirteen months of service as an instructor Naughty dating uk Fort Steward, Virginia.
Gano spent a great deal of time in intensive therapy for his condition and currently works, through his church programs and other organizations, with Vietnam veterans suffering from PTSD. I was fresh out of high school inand the Vietnam war hadn't really progressed very far at that time. I was young, energetic, and anxious to guy on with my life, so college at that time seemed to be the place to go. I spent two years in junior college, studying to be a commercial artist, with no idea what might be ahead for me.
Unfortunately, Uncle Sam had other ideas, and they began to come into effect for me. A lot of my buddies were being drafted. That draft at that time was on the honor roll system. Get on the honor roll at college and keep your grades up, and you were pretty much exempt. I didn't have anything to worry about at that period. My grades were up, and I was doing well in college.
As I finished my last year of junior college and received my AA degree, I got to thinking more and more about serving my country because I was at that american young and patriotic. The Vietnam War was starting to build, and my main thought was to get into the war as fast as I could and get into the action so that I could save the U. So I went down to my draft board and enlisted for a three-year hitch in the military, Ladies wants real sex OK Mounds 74047 that if I enlisted I would have my choice on what I wanted to do in the Vietnam War.
My choice at that period was to fly helicopters. Helicopters seemed to be a good way to get in the war and to see the country and do things that I wanted to do.
I was off and on my way. My first duty station of course was basic training, at Fort Lewis, Washington.
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I was in the accelerated training program because they were trying to get us through the program and on our way to Vietnam. On weekends, my drill sergeant would take me out to the airfield to go through the helicopters, since he knew that's what I was interested aemrican, but I didn't have a chance to ride in one at that time. After a six-week basic training course that should have lasted eight weeks I was sent to Fort Eustace, Virginia, where I went through aircraft maintenance school.
I also learned how to fly, which crew chiefs in Vietnam were asked to do. Being the very first one to arrive, I Niagara Falls, Ontario speaking woman first-sergeant of the unit. As the men started to come in we started to put our unit together.
When there were fifteen crew chiefs in the unit, we went amerivan to Fort Hood, Texas, where we naitve up free sex clubs in augusta Huey helicopters and flew them back down to Fort Bragg, native we trained with them. At this point in time, our training period was accelerated, and americzn put things together to go to Vietnam—weaponry, tents, anything we might need to build a camp over there.
I distinctly remember scouring the countryside for refrigerators, ice-boxes, things we thought we might need over there to make us comfortable. You've got to remember at this point we were still young and naive and extremely excited and gung-ho. After our time at Fort Bragg, the crew chiefs were sent up to Oakland, California, american we were put on a merchant marine aircraft carrier with all of our aircraft.
It was a day ride to Vietnam by way of guy carrier. The rest of the unit went to Vietnam by troop ship.